La movilidad internacional de los jóvenes italianos altamente calificados: Motivaciones, experiencias y expectativas

Barbara Staniscia

Resumen


La crisis económico-financiera desencadenada en 2007-2008 determinó un aumento en la migración internacional de los jóvenes italianos, y en especial de aquellos altamente calificados. Se trata de un caso sumamente particular, no solo porque el país es miembro de la OCDE, sino porque es la cuarta economía más importante en la Unión Europea. Los resultados expuestos en este artículo se basan en entrevistas en profundidad realizadas con quince jóvenes italianos universitarios. En concreto, el artículo aborda (i) las características personales e individuales de los jóvenes migrantes, (ii) las principales causas y motores de la movilidad, (iii) la experiencia vivida y (iv) las expectativas y planes de futuro. El estudio demuestra que los motivos que impulsan a los jóvenes italianos altamente calificados a emigrar dependen de factores estructurales y sistémicos, así como a factores psicológicos y culturales.

Palabras clave


Movilidad y migración internacional, Italia, jóvenes altamente calificados, crisis económica, fuga de cerebros

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